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Origin and customs of Christmas 圣诞节的来历和习俗  

2009-12-03 11:09:09|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  Christmas

      The Feast of Christmas It is not easy to pin-point the origins of the Christmas feast, today the more important feast of the Christmas season in most western Christian churches. One can only say for certain that the birth of Jesus Christ was being celebrated in Rome by the year 336 A.D.; afterwards the feast was celebrated in other Christian churches throughout the world.
   
      December 25th is another question. No date for the birth of Jesus can be found in the New Testament, which is concerned more with the question "Who is Jesus?" than the date of his birth. Early Christian speculation about his birth date was influenced by the symbolism of the changing seasons, then popular in religious thought, which paid careful attention to the equinoxes and solstices of the sun. Christian scholars speculated that Jesus was conceived at the spring equinox (March 25th) and therefore was born on December 25th, the date of the winter solstice.

      In many of the Christian churches, March 25th is still the Feast of the Annunciation, when the Angel Gabriel announced to Mary that she was to be the mother of Jesus.

      Possible impluse for the feast of Christmas may have came too from the establishment of the pagan feast of the "Unconquered Sun-God" by the Emperor Aurelian in 274 A.D. to be celebrated on December 25, the day of the winter solstice in Rome and throughout the empire. In response, Christians could celebrate the feast of the "Sun of righteousness" (Malachi 4,2), Jesus Christ, who called himself " the light of the world." Father Christmas

      It is said that in the year of 300 AD, there was a kind old man and his name was Saint Nicholas. He was always ready to help the poor and often gave presents to them.

      Today, Father Christmas is an imaginary figure, but nearly all young children believe in him. They think he is a happy old man with a long white beard and a long red robe.

      On the night of the twenty-fourth of December every year, Father Christmas from some cold northern land comes down the chimney of the fireplace to put presents by the beds of children or to fill their stockings. So when children go to bed that night, they hang up their stockings, and on Christmas morning they wake to find them full of presents. Of course, it's really their parents who fill the stockings.

      Another name for Father Christmas is Santa Claus.Merry Christmas and Best Wishes for a Happy New Year! Beautiful dream comes true Bring you Good wishes of happiness. This Christmas and on the coming year.

      During this Season may the loy and love of Christmas be yours.  Each Christmas brings me wonderful thoughts and memories... and you get lots of presents, Oh well, Merry Christmas. Greeting you warmly with a wish that's sincere for a healthy happy and wonderful days. Have a heartwarming holiday! Warmest wishes for a very merry Christmas Have a Wonderful Holiday Season!  Here are special greetings And the best of wishes, too - May Christmas and the coming year Bring happiness to you!  Hope your holiday is great and your New Year a prosperous one.  Hope you holidays are filled with all you favorite things this Christmas ... and all the happiness you could wish for. I could always tell that you wrapped Santa's presents  I hope you will join with me in bringing in the new spring. HAPPY HOLIDAYS!  In our hearts, we'll always be near Merry Christmas!  Joy to the World. Wishing you an extremely merry Chirstmas  Joyous Christmas! Warm Holiday Wishes!

      May Happiness follow wherever you go  May Peace and Happiness be with you at this holy Chirstmas season and always.

      May magic fill your days and all your dreams come true this holiday season.  May the blessings of Christmas fill you heart with hope and joy! May the joy and peace of Christmas be with you today and always.  May the light of our Savior's love be with you at Christmas and always... and all the happiness you could wish for.  May the light of the holiday season shine brightly in your heart  May the magic of this Christmas season fill your heart with peace.  May you be blessed with all things bright and beautiful at Christmastime and Always  May your Christmas be merry as a song And your heart be happy the whole year long!  May your days be filled with love and light. wanted.  Merry Christmas ... and all the happiness you could wish for.  Merry Christmas and then happy days over and over again !  Peace on earth, good will to men...  Season's Greetings and Best Wishes for the Coming year  Sending you wishes for holidays that begin and on a happy note. Wishing you happiness always.  Sing a song of seasons; Something bright in all ...  Sleight bells are jingling through the night. Children are singing spirits and bright ... Merry Christmas!  Should you see flowers in bloom, you would see smiles at a lover of beauty.  Thanks for making every thing right! Merry Christmas!  The Christmas we were going to tell everyone that the real meaning of the Season was not gifts ... The presents are wrapped, the stockings all hung, all that's left now is the holiday fun! Merry Christmass!  This holiday season, it seems everyone is watching their weight ... :) To be frazzled! Best wishes for a calm and peacefl and Holiday Season!  To wish you all the joy of Christmas and happiness all through the New Year.  To wish you happiness at Christmas time.

      To wish you happiness for the christmas season and the coming year.  We wish you a merry christmas & a happy new year.  Wishing you a bright white holiday full of love...  Wishing You a Happy Christmas and to hope the New Year too. Will be a very prosperous Healthy and Happy Time for you ...  Wishing you all the blessings of a beautiful Christmas seasons  Wishing you all the joys of the Christmas season and have very happy New Year may you enjoy good health in the coming year  Wishing you and those around you a very merry Christmas and a wonderful New Year Wishing you the Gifts of Peace and Happiness this Christmas and throughout the New Year

      Christmas in every countryEngland

      British pays attention to most to eat in Christmas, including roast pig, turkey, Christmas pudding, Christmas mince a round flat cake etc. in the food.Each thing with all polite family, the servant also has, all gifts are a morning parties in Christmas to send.Have of sing Christmas song to follow a door to pursue a door to sing a song report good tidings, they will be just come in by the host inside house, drinking tea some entertainment, or presenting a small gift.

      The United States

      The United States from allow multiracial constitute of nation, so American's celebrating the situation of Christmas is the most complicated, from all countries come of emigrant still much according to the customs of their motherland.However, at the Christmas period, the American's door hangs garland and other outside to arrange interesting and novelly then similar of.

      France

      The general adult of France, want church to attend midnight Catholic mass about and all in the Christmas night before last.After completing, the family go the home of the most aged and married elder brother or sister together, the family reunion has a meal.This holds a meeting, discussing in home important business, but meeting to have on bad terms family of, at henceforth also ago dislike ice to release, everyone has to become reconciled, so the Christmas is an in France benevolent day.

      Spain

      The child of Spain will put shoes outside door or the outside of the window, receive Christmas present.The polite thing gives the most beautiful sons and daughters in many cities.The cow can also get good treatment in that day.It is said when the Jesus be born, once there was a head of cow to toward him to let out to make him get warmth.

      Italy

      Each family of Italy, all put to have a Jesus birth the model scenery of the story.At the Christmas night before last, the family have a reunion to have dinner, arriving during the midnight to attend Christmas Catholic mass.Complete to visit friends and relatives after and then, only have kid and aged person to get a gift.At Christmas, the Italian has a kind of good customs, the childs composition or write verse, meaning to thank their parents at one in the last years to their bring up.Their work, is hidden in the table napkin before DOing not have Christmas dinner, underneath or table cloth of dish in, the parents set up for to can't see.Chase its resumption then after they eat finish dinner, read aloud toward everyone.

      Sweden

      The Swede is very hospitable, Christmas, have an obvious performance more, the United States is a family, in spite of rich and poor, all welcome a friend, even the stranger can also go, various food puts on the table, letting people to eat.

      Switzerland

      The Santa Claus of Switzerland wears white full-length gown, putting on mask.They all from destitute person dress up as, the knot brigade begs for food and gift toward the person.After accepting brigade, they divide equally to gain of thing.

      Denmark

      The Denmark releases a Christmas stamp and calls a waterproof stamp at the beginning, this kind of stamp sends out to raise a style to make waterproof budget.The Christmas mail sent out in the Dane up have no not to stick up this kind of stamp.Accept a person who connect the mail, see stick to there are more many Christmas stamps of, will feel to even like !

      Chile

      The Chile celebrates Christmas, having necessarily a specific name call"monkey tail" of cold drink article is the grape which uses coffee, milk, egg, wine and ferments to match to make but become.Why is this kind of beverage called "monkey tail"?Pouring no one can explain.

      Norway

      The Norway is in the Christmas night before last just before sleep, home everyones all oneself Christmas song or saint poem that he likes most are 1. Ireland

      Each family of Ireland, all put an ocean candle or light at the window door at Christmas night before last, mean welcoming The Savior Messiah is born. Scotland

      The Scotch searches the thing which borrows toward the other people in the home, must return before Christmas and all and owner.They mostly in the New Year's Day of head Monday that day present to send gift, sending during Christmas, child and servants all will get a gift. Holland

      The Christmas present of Hollander, usually come from ordinary people to anticipate the idea, sometimes is hidden in the pudding sheep the bowel. Russia

      The Christian ear New Year's Day is the most important festival in a year, usually only having follower of a religion to just celebrate Christmas, and the religious flavor is a little bit thicker.
Germany

      Germany of each one Augustinian the family of the Christianity, all have one stub Christmas tree, the Christmas tree has first in Germany.German for make Christmas a round flat cake to pay attention to very much.A round flat cake contain a lot of styles, between the friends and relatives, each other all has already presented.

圣诞节的来历

      在多数西方国家的基督教教堂,今天更重要的节日圣诞节。这是一个不太容易针点起源的圣诞大餐。人们可以肯定的是耶稣基督的诞生是为了庆祝罗马由一年336专案,后来这个节日的庆祝活动也在世界的其他基督教会举行。

      为什么庆祝12月25日这是另一个疑问。没有哪个日子是为耶酥设定的。在新约圣经可以发现,这是一个被关注的问题: "谁是耶稣" ?早期基督教的揣测,超过了自己的出生日期。他的出生日期是受象征主义的四季变化,那么受欢迎,在宗教思想,其中支付小心注意这个equinoxes和solstices的太阳。基督教学者推测,耶稣被构思在春分( 3月25日) ,因此出生于12月25日,该日期的冬至。

      在许多基督教教堂, 天使加布里埃尔宣布玛丽是为了母亲的耶稣,所以3月25日仍是盛宴的annunciation。

      为节日圣诞节可能由设立该异教盛宴的" unconquered太阳神" ,由皇帝aurelian在274个专案,以庆祝12月25日,是日冬至在罗马和整个帝国。对此,基督徒可以庆祝的节日"太阳的正义"  ,自称"世界之光" 。

      圣诞老人

      据称,在一年的300专案中,有一种男子,他的名字是圣尼古拉斯。他总是愿意帮助穷人,并常常给予他们礼物。

      今天,圣诞老人是一个虚构的人物,但几乎所有的幼童都相信他。他们觉得他是一个快乐的有着白色长胡子和穿着红色长袍的老人。

      每年12月夜里,父亲在圣诞节时候从烟囱把礼物送给有病的孩子,或放到他们的袜子里。因此,当孩子上床的当天晚上,他们回把自己的袜子掏空 ,并且在圣诞节早晨醒来发现他们的袜子里装满了礼物。

      每年的12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节原本是属于基督教徒的节日,但是因为人们对它格外重视,因此便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,相当于我们中国的春节。西方人以红、绿、白三种颜色作为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。这是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍来的杉树、柏树这些像塔形状的树木在其上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。

      据《圣经》记载,来自东方的圣人在耶酥降生的时候赠送礼物,这就是圣诞老人为儿童赠送礼品习俗的由来。英国少年儿童在圣诞前夕把长统袜子放在壁炉旁,相信圣诞老人在夜里回从大烟囱下来,给他们带来满袜子的礼物。法国的少年儿童把鞋放在门外,让“圣婴”来时把礼物放在鞋里面。

      最早以前是一对红色的大袜子,多大都可以,因为圣诞袜是要用来装礼物的,小朋友最喜欢的东西,晚上他们会将自己的袜子挂在床边,等待第二天早上的收礼。要是有人圣诞节送小汽车那怎么办?那最好就叫他写张支票放进袜子里好了。

      圣诞老人原指公元4世纪时小亚细亚专区的主教尼古拉,他因和蔼可亲慷慨济贫万里闻名。到了6世纪,东方把他尊称为圣尼古拉。由于民间有关尼古拉的传说中,都联系到少年儿童和礼物,从此,圣诞老人便成为专门在圣诞节向孩子们送礼物的慈祥老人的形象。到了18世纪,通过文学和绘画,圣诞老人逐渐成为身穿红外衣的白胡子、白眉毛老人形象。

      圣诞夜指12月24日晚至25日晨。教会组织一些圣诗班(或由信徒自发地组成)挨门挨户地在门口或窗下唱圣诞颂歌,叫作“报佳音”,意思是再现当年天使向伯利恒郊外的牧羊人报告耶稣降生的喜讯。“报佳音”的人称
      为ChristmasWaits,这项活动往往要进行到天亮,人数越来越多,歌声越来越大,大街小巷满城尽是歌声。

      圣诞节作为一个隆重庆祝节日,不能少了好吃美味食品。圣诞节火鸡大餐就是例牌主菜了,以前的人们或许会用微波炉自己做,现在的人们过节好多就是在外面餐馆里用餐了,商家们也会利用机会赚顾客们的钱,当然还有许多圣诞节食品,姜饼、糖果等等了。

      那是一顶红色帽子,据说晚上戴上睡觉除了睡得安稳和有点暖外,第二天你还会发现在帽子里多了点心爱的人送的礼物。在狂欢夜它更是全场的主角,无论你去到那个角落,都会看到各式各样的红帽子,有的还有帽尖发亮的,有的是金光闪闪的。

      长期以来,一直流行的圣诞歌主要有三个,一个是《平安夜》;一个是《听,天使报佳音》;第三个是《铃铛儿响叮当》。

      据说有一位农民在一个风雪交加的圣诞夜里接待了一个饥寒交迫的小孩,让他吃了一顿丰盛的圣诞晚餐,这个孩子告别时折了一根杉树枝插在地上并祝福说:“年年此日,礼物满枝,留此美丽的杉村,报答你的好意。”小孩走后,农民发现那树枝竟变成了一棵小树,他才明白自己接待的原来是一位上帝的使者。这个故事就成为圣诞树的来源。在西方,不论是否基督徒,过圣诞节时都要准备一棵圣诞树,以增加节日的欢乐气氛。圣诞树一般是用杉柏之类的常绿树做成,象征生命长存。树上装饰着各种灯烛、彩花、玩具、星星,挂上各种圣诞礼物。圣诞之夜,人们围着圣诞树唱歌跳舞,尽情欢乐。

      各个国家的圣诞节习俗

      英国

      英国人在圣诞节是最注重吃的,食品中包括烧猪、火鸡、圣诞布丁、圣诞碎肉饼等。每一个家人都有礼物,仆人也有份,所有的礼物是在圣诞节的早晨派送。有的唱圣诞歌者沿门逐户唱歌报佳音,他们会被主人请进屋内,用茶点招待,或者赠小礼物。美国

      因为美国是由许多民族组成的国家,所以美国人庆祝圣诞的情形也最为复杂,从各国来的移民仍多依照他们祖国的风俗。不过,在圣诞时期,美国人的门外挂着花环以及其它别致的布置则是一样的。法国

      法国的一般成年人,在圣诞前夕差不多都要到教会参加子夜弥撒。在完毕后,家人同去最年老的已婚的哥哥或姊姊的家里,团聚吃饭。这个集会,讨论家中要事,但遇有家人不和睦的,在此后也前嫌冰释, 大家要和好如初了,所以圣诞在法国是一个仁慈的日子。西班牙

      西班牙的儿童会放鞋子在门外或窗外,接收圣诞礼物。在许多城市里有礼物给最美丽的子女。牛在那天也能得到很好的待遇。据说在耶稣诞生时,曾有一头牛向他吐气来使到他得到温暖。

      意大利

      每一个意大利的家庭,都放有耶稣诞生故事的模型景物。在圣诞前夕,家人团聚吃大餐,到午夜时参加圣诞弥撒。完毕之后,便去访问亲友,只有小孩和年老的人得到礼物。在圣诞节,意大利人有一种很好的风俗,儿童们作文或撰诗歌,表示感谢他们的父母在一年来给他们的教养。他们的作品,在未吃圣诞大餐之前,被暗藏在餐巾里、碟子的下面或是桌布里,父母装作看不见。在他们吃完大餐之后,便把它取回,向大家朗读。

      瑞典

      瑞典人是很好客的,圣诞节时,更有明显的表现,美一个家庭,不论贫富,都欢迎朋友,甚至陌生人也可以去,各种食品摆在桌上,任人来吃。

      瑞士

      瑞士的圣诞老人是穿白色的长袍,戴上假面具的。他们都是由贫苦人所扮,结队向人讨取食品和礼物。在收队后,他们就平分所得的东西。

      丹麦

      丹麦是最初推出圣诞邮票和称防痨邮票的,这种邮票发出来筹款作防痨经费。在丹麦人寄出的圣诞邮件上没有不贴上这种邮票的。收接邮件的人,看见贴有愈多圣诞邮票的,会觉得更喜欢哩!

      智利

      智利人庆祝圣诞节,必有一种名叫“猴子尾巴”的冷饮品,是用咖啡、牛乳、鸡蛋、酒和发酵的葡萄合制而成。这种饮料为什么被叫做“猴子尾巴”呢?倒没有人能够解释。

      挪威

      挪威人在圣诞前夕临睡前,家里各人都把自己出他最喜欢的圣诞歌或圣诗一首。

      爱尔兰

      爱尔兰的每一个家庭,在圣诞节前夕,都放有一枝洋烛或灯在窗门架,表示欢迎救世主降生。苏格兰

      苏格兰人在家里找寻向别人借来的东西,必需在圣诞节之前都归还与物主。他们多是在新年的首个星期一那天赠送礼物,并不是在圣诞节期间送的,小孩子和仆人都会得到礼物。

      荷兰

      荷兰人的圣诞礼物,往往是出乎一般人所意料的,有时会被藏在布丁羊肠里面。

      俄罗斯

      公历新年才是一年中最重要的节日,通常只有教徒才庆祝圣诞,而且宗教味道更浓一些。

      德国

      德国的每一信奉耶稣教的家庭,都有一株圣诞树,圣诞树是在德国最先有的。德国人对于制圣诞节饼是很讲究的。饼有很多款式,在亲友之间,彼此均有赠送。


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一、九州大厦,四楼中心。

二、时尚大道,古彭入口。

三、新浪微博,官方网站。

四、口碑相传,受惠大众。

五、站台广告。

 

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